Use this table to get a word-for-word translation of the original Hebrew Scripture. Follow the buttons in the right-hand column for detailed definitions and verses that use the same root words. In Bethlehem, things are not good for the ladies. 4. The final words of the book link Ruth with her great-grandson, David (Ruth 4:17–22), so we know it was written after his anointing. Then he said to the close relative, “Naomi, who has come back from the country of Moab, sold the piece of land which belonged to our brother Elimelech. Why did Ruth and Orpah make different decisions? 22:30] Spread your wings # 3:9 Compare 2:12; the word for wings can also mean corners of a garment over your servant, for you are # ch. 1 Then Naomi her mother in law said unto her, My daughter, shall I not seek rest for thee, that it may be well with thee? In other words, this is a symbolic act. The directions given to Ruth by Naomi. What is a levirate marriage? So, let’s start reading Ruth 1:1. Ruth also waits for Boaz to tell her what to do. There is a passive righteousness which simply avoids evil when it presents itself. What is the story of Ruth and Boaz? There, Ruth happens to run into a well-known rich guy named Boaz, who instantly takes a liking to her and offers her all kinds of sweet gleaning privileges. # Ezek. Ruth was a Gentile woman, dead in trespasses and sins and at enmity with God. Ruth had been remarkable for her humility, which paved the way to this honour. One of the lessons I learn from Ruth chapter 3 is that hope helps us dream. Isaiah 6:2). (3-4) Boaz asks the nearer kinsman to redeem the land of Naomi (and Elimelech). Ruth 4:3-4 Then he said to the closest relative, 'Naomi, who has come back from the land of Moab, has to sell the piece of land which belonged to our brother Elimelech. Tonight he will be winnowing barley on the threshing floor. Boaz is introduced in the narrative as an esh gibor hayil (a powerful man of integrity) in 2:1, and he pronounces the community’s opinion of Ruth as an eshat hayil (a woman of integrity, a worthy woman) in 3:11. I believe that the meaning of Ruth’s laying at Boaz’s feet is symbolic of her asking him to exercise his duty (and right) as kinsman’s redeemer and marry her and also purchase (redeem) the land that once belonged to Elimelech. What is a kinsman redeemer? This shows the English words related to the source biblical texts along with brief definitions. Ruth 3:4 "It shall be when he lies down, that you shall notice the place where * he lies, and you shall go and uncover his feet and lie down; then he will tell you what you shall do." The woman Ruth, is a most beautiful picture of the Church - as the Bride of Christ, and the man Boaz, is a stunning type of the Man, Christ Jesus - Who is our Lord and Kinsman-Redeemer, our precious Saviour and coming Bridegroom. Ruth 3:4 Context. Naomi is feeling down and out and Ruth is reduced to gleaning in the barley fields. 5-29-60 8:15 a.m. To you who listen on the radio, you are sharing with us the services of the First Baptist Church in Dallas. Ruth 1 Commentary: Hope for Bethlehem. Scholars disagree somewhat over the social significance of each action taken in Ruth 3–4, but the general line is clear enough. 2 Now Boaz, with whose women you have worked, is a relative of ours. Ruth 3:3. Restore means to bring something back to its original condition. To lie down at someone’s feet would be to take the position of a servant, waiting for the command of the master (something Ruth references later). Rut - Ruth - Chapter 3 ... Said Rabbi Joshua the son of Levi: Salmon, Elimelech, and Tov were brothers. Behold, he winnoweth barley to night in the threshingfloor. The reading in the Cross-Reference Bible has: "My daughter, how hast thou wrought"? Ruth is a love story, not about romantic love, but faithful love (Hebrew "hesed"), shown by Boaz, and reflecting the love of God. (13-22) Commentary on Ruth 4:1-8 (Read Ruth 4:1-8) This matter depended on the laws given by Moses about inheritances, and doubtless the whole was settled in the regular and legal manner. Ruth 1-4 . Ruth 3:4 And it shall be, when he lieth down, that thou shalt mark the place where he shall lie, and thou shalt go in, and uncover his feet, and lay thee down; and he will tell thee what thou shalt do. The genealogy at the end of the book shows David’s lineage through the days of the judges, acting as a support for his rightful kingship. If you have a Ruth in your life then hold on to her. Lesson 7 - Ruth 3 & 4 The Book of Ruth Lesson 7 - Chapters 3 and 4 We ended last week in Ruth chapter 3 with the startled (but pleasantly surprised) Boaz awaking in the middle of the night to find the find the lovely and perfumed form of Ruth lying beside his legs. Dr. W. A. Criswell. Notes: 1 Note that both Ruth and Boaz are referred to as people of integrity. (1-5) Boaz acknowledges the duty of a kinsman. Ruth, a widow in a strange land, goes into a field at harvest time, to gather grain left by the reapers. 2:20 “May you be blessed by the Lord, my daughter. This might mean that Naomi did not recognize Ruth because of the darkness, but the words, `my daughter' hardly fit that meaning. Metaphysical Bible Interpretation of Ruth Chapter 1 Metaphysically Interpreting Ruth 1:1-5 1:1 And it came to pass in the days when the judges judged, that there was a famine in the land. Its original condition was shiny and beautiful. Then go and uncover his feet and lie down. He will tell you what to do.” Ruth obeys, and in verse 9 she tells Boaz, “I am your servant Ruth. Genesis 29:32, 30:14, 35:22 - 23, 37:21 - 29, 42:22, 37, 46:8 - 9, 48:5, 49:3 - 4, Exodus 1:2, etc. Why was Ruth so loyal to Naomi? When the silver company made it, it was perfectly clean and bright. (11) If the purpose of Naomi’s plot was not merely to see Ruth married to Boaz, but also the birth of a child, one has to wonder if this could have been achieved in a way that did not honor God. (Ruth 3:16). Ruth’s preparations and the choice of location for the encounter suggest the actions of a prostitute. 16:8; [Deut. Ruth 3:4 Translation & Meaning. She could demand his protection under the law, but instead comes in a posture of humility and servanthood. Much of the story makes sense in light of this euphemistic understanding of “feet” (e.g., 3:9, 14). Solomon is not mentioned, leading some to believe the book was written before David ascended the throne. Ruth “uncovered” Boaz’s feet, pulling back his garment, specifically so that she then could ask him to “spread his garment” over her, meaning to assume the responsibility for her care, as her husband. If so, Naomi’s plan is bold indeed, and Ruth’s act even bolder. Ruth's stubbornness pays off and Naomi lets her tag along. (1-8) Boaz marries Ruth. This is the pastor bringing the early morning message entitled The Spiritual Meaning of the Book of Ruth. Joshua 1 shows God’s promise that “every place that the sole of your foot shall tread upon, that have I given unto you, as I said unto Moses”. What does this verse really mean? An emblem of loyalty and unselfishness, in allusion to the Biblical character who said to Naomi: Whither thou goest, 1 will go; and where thou lodgest, I will lodge; thy people shall be my people, and thy Lord my Lord;. Book of Ruth - Bible Survey Who was Naomi in the Bible? 1 One day Ruth's mother-in-law Naomi said to her, 'My daughter, I must find a home for you, where you will be well provided for. What did it mean to spread the corner of your garment over someone? Who was Ruth in the Bible? But over the years, it has become tarnished. Reference to Boaz’s “feet” (3:4, 7-8) may be a euphemism for his genitalia (cf. . Moffatt and RSV render it: "How have you fared, my daughter"? Ruth 1 Commentary: Verses 1 and 2. (9-12) Birth of Obed. (6-13) Ruth's return to her mother-in-law. “It is not easy to tell,” says Dr. Dodd, “at this distance of time, and amid this difference of manners, why Naomi advised Ruth to this secret method of proceeding. Almost certainly the levirate laws, which allowed or mandated men to marry widowed in-laws under certain circumstances to keep the family name alive, were not followed very consistently. Even if it is midnight she will be there. Answer: In Ruth 3:4, Naomi encouraged Ruth to go to Boaz at night, saying, “When he lies down, note the place where he is lying. . Anticipation of a king. 3 Wash, put on perfume, and get dressed in your best clothes. THE SPIRITUAL MEANING OF THE BOOK OF RUTH. Similar symbolism is used, in … What Does Ruth 3:18 Mean? The taking of the city was used by the Assyrians, in 701 B.C., as a warning to Judah's King Hezekiah not to trust in God to save the city of Jerusalem. 2 And now is not Boaz of our kindred, with whose maidens thou wast? . Ruth 3 is the third chapter of the Book of Ruth in the Hebrew Bible or the Old Testament of the Christian Bible, part of the Ketuvim ("Writings"). 'So I thought to inform you, saying, 'Buy it before those who are sitting here, and before the elders of my people. Regardless of the meaning of “feet” in Ruth 3:4, 7, 8, 14—which may be a sexual euphemism [1] — the scheme Naomi concocts is suspicious from the standpoint of custom and morality, and it is fraught with danger. Hope helps us think up ways to do good. Boaz Marries Ruth (Ruth 3 - 4) Let’s take a moment to talk about the word restore because it has to do with the next part of our story. Rezeph A hot stone Strong's #H7530 Rezeph was a city, near the Euphrates River, the Assyrians conquered. She has and glorious smile and glistening eyes. Put on thy raiment — Thy best raiment. KJV Ruth 1:1 ¶ Now it came to pass in the days when the judges ruled, that there was a famine in the land. Princess Ruth or Keʻelikōlani, (1826–1883), Hawaiian princess; Surname. Ver. (10) The “transaction” for which Naomi wanted no witnesses (3:3-4) was set aside by Boaz for a “transaction” that had numerous witnesses (4:9-11). She has a sparkling personality and her heart is filled with everlasting kindness and love When you’re sad she always is there to cheer you up and make you laugh . Look at this silver spoon. . The kinsman refuses to redeem Ruth's inheritance. If poor people be but good people, they shall have honour from God and man. Ruth was a poor woman, and poverty often obscures the lustre of virtue; yet Ruth’s virtues, even in a mean condition, were generally taken notice of and could not be hid; nay, her virtues took away the reproach of her poverty. Ruth Name Meaning. He lay on the floor, as best liked himself, without bed or pallet. And it shall be, when he lieth down.] Now what is the meaning of “that belonged to our brother, to Elimelech” ? By strategic I mean that there is intention, purposefulness, planning. These two issues are addressed in the book of Ruth. But strategic righteousness takes the initiative and dreams of how to make things right. (Amplified Bible - Lockman) Ruth 3: God Provides FAITHFUL LOVE Ruth is a love story. And a certain man of Bethlehem-judah went to sojourn in the country of Moab, he, and his wife, and his two sons. Make not thyself known — In so familiar a way as thou mayest do hereafter. And she answered, “I am Ruth, your servant. (14-18) Commentary on Ruth 3:1-5 (Read Ruth 3:1-5) The married state should be a rest, as much as any thing upon earth can be so, as it ought to fix the affections and form a connexion for life. 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