Backstrokers hop into the water when the referee blows the first whistle, grab a bar on the starting block and plant their feet on the wall, usually covered with an electronic timing pad. In the elementary backstroke, the arms and the legs provide power at the same time. If you’re like many other backstrokers, your shoulders might stay flat in … To do this, keep your legs together and kick with both at once. Jeff Pease, a longtime swim coach who's in charge of North Coast Aquatics in Carlsbad, Calif., has a detailed plan on how he'd teach the backstroke to first-timers. Elementary backstroke, a slow, resting stroke. The reality is though you DO NOTwant a swimmer’s knees to break through the surface of the water in Backst… Kick. Elementary Backstroke Breathing. Prerequisite successful completion of Level 2. Here are some tips to master the flutter kick: Keep your legs close together. The same principles will be used, despite being on your back. The Backstroke Start: Here Comes the Wedge. Swimmer will be swimming backwards by using arms and legs movement. The leg stroke alternates, with one leg sinking down straight to about 30 degrees. Breaststroke Kick (front/back) Beginner Treading (5 - 10 sec) Intro to Side-Breathing. The only thing different with the elementary back stroke variation is that it uses a flutter kick instead of the frog kick. This blog will outline the drill progression for learning or teaching elementary (fundamental) backstroke technique. The Elementary Backstroke The elementary backstroke is a great first stroke to learn. The kick should be more exaggerated in your hips and get progressively smaller toward your feet. It requires effort, patience, and practice. Breaststroke kick. Legs will be engaged in frog kick (opposite of breaststroke). Elementary backstroke kick with support, 15 feet Backstroke, unsupported, 15 feet Exit Skill #1 - In chest-deep water, superman for 2 body lengths, roll over to a back float … The elementary backstroke is frequently taught as a precursor to the backstroke (also called back crawl). Level 4 (Starfish 4, Shark 4, Dolphin 4) As you push off from the wall (or as you make a flip turn) you may want to try using a dolphin kick underwater to propel yourself further down the pool. What is the best stroke to use if you fall in the water fully clothed? Skills include: freestyle with side breathing, backstroke, butterfly kick, breaststroke kick and elementary backstroke plus water safety skills. Backstroke Arms with Kick. Which of the following kicks can be used when treading water? The one-third or half recovery starts with the lift of the hip then arm lifting over … I reversed direction at the wall date:_____ 12. I trod water for 2 minutes date:_____ 13. This stroke incorporates reg… Intermediate. Both the hands generate pull togehter and submerge into water together for recovery. The elementary backstroke is a relatively relaxed and easy stroke, so burn extra calories by amping up the intensity as much as you can. Backstroke kick is an alternating action, continuously up and down to help balance the action of the arms. The sculling actions of the arms also … The kick makes a large contribution to the forward speed, while significantly stabilizing the body. Notice that the part of your foot that comes closest to the surface is your big toe. The amount of propulsion generated from the kick will depend on the size of the feet, ankle mobility and strength of the legs. The leg kick of the elementary back stroke is usually spoken of as the “frog kick.” Start with the legs straight, knees separated sideways, and bent. A whip kick, dolphin, flutter or frog kick is used. Both arms stay in the water and pull at once along the sides of the swimmer. 10. Kick upward with more force, creating a boil on the surface of the water. 4. Children must possess skills from Hippos and swim 15 yards unassisted. Eels Children must be able to swim 25 yards of freestyle with side breathing, backstroke and elementary backstroke. Refined Crawl. Improve Front Crawl, Backstroke and Elementary Backstroke; Introduce Breaststroke; 5 minute continuous swim using Front Crawl, Backstroke, Elementary Backstroke, and Breaststroke; Introduction to Scissor kick; Introduction to Butterfly kick; Head first tuck surface dive; Feet first surface dive, pick up object from the deep end of the pool. Jump Into Pool & Exit. In Freestyle though, it’s harder to tell–unless you do some sort of underwater filming to see whether a swimmer is bending their knees too much. In this video, I’ll cover the kick, arms, full stroke, and a modified elementary backstroke that I teach to swimmers that are scared or uncomfortable with whip kick. I did elementary backstroke kick for 10 yards date:_____ 11. Advanced Breather. Kneeling dive. Being able to propel oneself through the water while keeping the face completely dry often increases the confidence of new swimmers. Don’t begin the kick until your arms have begun their power phase. Panting is not required. If you're teaching an adult to swim, you … Head is above water, so BREATHE stupid! Obviously, we just touched on if swimmers’ bend their knees too much during the Backstroke kick–you can see it very easily, as the knee will break through the surface of the water. The alternating leg kick originates from the hip and remains within the body width. Toes are pointed with ankles relaxed and the knees bend slightly with each kick. Arm stroke and kick are symmetrical and then a short glide, then as your hands come down to side, whip your feet around, and then toot. The body position is horizontal, with the back on the water's surface, and the swimmer is encouraged to keep as close to the water's surface as possible. The arm hand to shoulder, should ‘reach for the sky’. Back Glide into Elementary Backstroke Arms: Jump into Water, Return to Surface, Swim 1 Pool Length Elementary Backstroke, Swim to Pool Edge and Climb Out: Blow Bubbles: Freestyle leg kick: on front in streamline position (use kickboard if needed) Breaststroke Leg Kick: on back, arms by side: Freestyle Leg Kick: on back, incorporate arm action Dog Paddle is a human swimming like a dog. Swimming backstroke necessitates a great bit of confidence in the water. The backstroke is the only of the four swimming strokes where the athlete starts from in the water. Water safety is reinforced through treading water and elementary backstroke. Elementary backstroke with flutter kick (10 yards) Elementary backstroke kick; Treading with flutter kick (5 seconds) Jumping in and floating on back; Jumping in and swimming to the wall; Youth #4. Flutter Kick on Back with Arm Skulls. Swim 25 yards backstroke with well coordinated stroke. A major key to success in backstroke swimming is having a strong kick. Step 3 : - Now push off the wall again for the backstroke kick. Kick to the far end of the pool. Learning the elementary backstroke in effect means mastering an arm stroke and leg kick and then learning how to co-ordinate the two elements in a unified effort to achieve swift, smooth motion. Generate power from your hips, not your knees. 3. Your whole leg should be moving with each kick, not just your lower leg. It builds upon the back float and allows you to breath easily, since your face is exposed to the air. Swim confident crawl stroke, deep water, extended distances with high elbow. Throw the feet outward and backward with a strong inward rotation of the hip joint. Pushing off underwater (streamline) Kicking on side; Crawl stroke with side breathing (10 yards) The backstroke uses the flutter kick, just like in freestyle. The swimmer’s head should be relaxed and in the neutral position. Elementary backstroke. Elementary Backstroke Kick. Elementary backstroke. Flutter kick with kick board w/ side breathing (15 feet) Back flutter kick with kick board (15 feet) Free style with breathing (15 feet) Backstroke (10 feet) Tread water (10 sec) Underwater swimming (8 feet) Introduce Elementary Backstroke Introduce dolphin kick; Introduce breast stroke kick; Safety Skills. While doing elementary backstroke, your body remains horizontal in the water with no vertical movement. I demonstrated rescue breathing date:_____ 14. Optional Dolphin kick What kick is used in the elementary backstroke? Level 4: Stroke Development. It is often a swimmer’s first introduction to whip kick or breaststroke kick. Swim confident backstroke with shoulder roll. Students develop stroke technique in front crawl and back crawl and learn the breaststroke kick and butterfly kick. BACKSTROKE KICK. The kick takes less time than the arms because the legs move a shorter distance than the arms, and they are stronger. Putting the parts together to perform a basic front crawl or elementary backstroke, kick like a dolphin, learn about diving, survival float, and add to their water safety skills. Body Position: Flat Torso. A. Standing dive. The knee bend provides power on the upbeat phase of the kick, finishing as the toes just break the water surface. The armstroke used in the elementary backstroke can be practiced first by assuming an upright, standing position on dry land. The lifesaving backstroke is the reverse copy of the breaststroke kick. … Frog kick, just like breaststroke. The leg movement in backstroke is similar to the flutter kick in front crawl. Level 3 course begins the formation of strokes. Whip kick. Elementary Backstroke. Backstroke side lateral kick with one-third or one-half recovery and scull. Whip kick B. Scissors kick C. All of the above. Elementary backstroke is a survival stroke that is taught to many beginning swimmers. Testing requirements at completion of class: continuous front and back crawl, unassisted in middle pool (2 widths) elementary backstroke kick, rotary breathing with kick board while swimming the width of the big pool, sit dives into the big pool. Seated Dives Recover Float. For these reasons, you should begin the recovery of the arms before the legs. Your leg kicks balance your arm pulls and together they both help to maintain a horizontal and flat body position. The kick used in backstroke is very similar to the flutter kick seen in freestyle. The elementary backstroke is not only used as a teaching tool but also as means for building confidence in the water. … However, learning to swim backstroke is much easier than one may suspect. In elementary backstroke double hand movement together is used. 10 minutes of continuous swimming. This simple swim stroke is often taught first to beginner swimmers in conjunction with lessons in how to tread water. Elementary Backstroke Timing.

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